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Ebook Tartuffe by Molière read! Book Title: Tartuffe
The author of the book: Molière
Edition: Nick Hern Books
Date of issue: April 1st 2002
Loaded: 2783 times
Reader ratings: 6.2
ISBN: 1854596373
ISBN 13: 9781854596376
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 24.66 MB
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Le Tartuffe, ou L’Imposteur=Tartuffe, or The Impostor, or The Hypocrite, Molière
عنوان: تارتوف؛ اثر: مولیر؛ مترجم: مهشید نونهالی؛ تهران، نشر قطره، 1391؛ در 152 ص؛ شابک: 9786001195334؛ موضوع: نمایشنامه های نویسندگان فرانسول قرن 17 م
تارتوف یا شیاد، فریبکار، ریائی، غاصب، منافق؛ از مشهورترین کمدیهای مولیر است؛ روانشاد محمدعلی فروغی نیز با عنوان «میرزا کمال الدین» به روش اقتباس همین اثر را ترجمه کرده است. در این کمدی، مولیر از یکی از آسیب‌ها و مشکلات موجود در فرانسه‌ ی قرن 17 سخن می‌گوید؛ و انسان‌هایی را به تصویر می‌کشد؛ که در پشتِ تقدسِ لباس مذهب، افکار آلوده و نیت‌های باطل خود را پنهان می‌کنند. قرنِ 17، دوران رنسانس و رویارویی مذهب و علم بود، و از این رو پرسش کردن از دین و جایگاه آن با توجه به پیشینه‌ ی تلخی که کلیسا و اعمال بسیاری از کشیشان در ذهن مردم بر جای بگذاشته بود امری طبیعی می‌نمود. مولیر در واقع با کمک زبان کمیک و نمایشنامه‌ های کمدی‌ خویش و انتقاد اجتماعی که به مشکلات اجتماعی جامعه‌ اش وارد می‌کرد؛ شهرتی در میان همگان به دست آورده بود. مولیر با هوشیاری تمام پی برده بود که تراژدی و یا نمایشنامه‌ هایی که صرفاً جنبه‌ ی پند و اندرز دارند، دیگر برای مردمان زمانِ او جذاب نیستند؛ از همین رو بود که کمدی را برگزید. در تراژدی، نمایشنامه‌ نویس بر عظمت و قهرمان بودن انسان تأکید دارد، اما در کمدی بر نقاط ضعف و اشتباهات آدمی انگشت میگذارد. اگر تراژدی بر آزادی انسان تأکید دارد، کمدی از محدودیت‌های موجود در زندگی اجتماعی سخن می‌گوید. کمدی انسان را به خنده وامی‌دارد. خنده‌ ای که همان طور که مخاطب را سرگرم می‌کند جنبه‌ ی آموزشی نیز برایش دارد. ا. شربیانی

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Read information about the author

Ebook Tartuffe read Online! Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his stage name, Molière, was a French playwright and actor who is considered one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known dramas are Le Misanthrope, (The Misanthrope), L'Ecole des femmes (The School for Wives), Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur, (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite), L'Avare ou l'École du mensonge (The Miser), Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman).

From a prosperous family and having studied at the Jesuit Clermont College (now Lycée Louis-le-Grand), Molière was well suited to begin a life in the theatre. Thirteen years as an itinerant actor helped to polish his comic abilities while he also began writing, combining Commedia dell'Arte elements with the more refined French comedy.

Through the patronage of a few aristocrats including the brother of Louis XIV, Molière procured a command performance before the King at the Louvre. Performing a classic play by Pierre Corneille and a farce of his own, Le Docteur amoureux (The Doctor in Love), Molière was granted the use of Salle du Petit-Bourbon at the Louvre, a spacious room appointed for theatrical performances. Later, Molière was granted the use of the Palais-Royal. In both locations he found success among the Parisians with plays such as Les Précieuses ridicules (The Affected Ladies), L'École des maris (The School for Husbands) and L'École des femmes (The School for Wives). This royal favour brought a royal pension to his troupe and the title "Troupe du Roi" (The King's Troupe). Molière continued as the official author of court entertainments.

Though he received the adulation of the court and Parisians, Molière's satires attracted criticisms from moralists and the Church. Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite) and its attack on religious hypocrisy roundly received condemnations from the Church while Don Juan was banned from performance. Molière's hard work in so many theatrical capacities began to take its toll on his health and, by 1667, he was forced to take a break from the stage. In 1673, during a production of his final play, Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), Molière, who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis, was seized by a coughing fit and a haemorrhage while playing the hypochondriac Argan. He finished the performance but collapsed again and died a few hours later. In his time in Paris, Molière had completely reformed French comedy.

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